English in Mind Student’s Book 4 English Definition

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这是一个 English in Mind Book 4 词汇英文解释的合集。

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Welcome Section

No.Words / PhrasesPhonetic SymbolPart of SpeechEnglish DefinitionChinese Translation
Welcome Section A
1scan| skan |verb [with object]look at all parts of (something) carefully in order to detect some feature仔细观察
look quickly but not very thoroughly through (a document or other text) in order to identify relevant information浏览
cause (a surface, object, or part of the body) to be traversed by a detector or an electromagnetic beam扫描检查
2fascination| ˌfasɪˈneɪʃ(ə)n |noun [mass noun]the power to fascinate someone; the quality of being fascinating入迷
3fascinated| ˈfasɪneɪtɪd |adjectivestrongly attracted and interested入迷的
4at a speed of以…的速度
5motor skill运动能力
6motor| ˈməʊtə |adjective [attributive]Physiology relating to muscular movement or the nerves activating it运动的
7do up a button系纽扣
8tie shoe laces系鞋带
9intelligence test智力测试
10intelligence| ɪnˈtɛlɪdʒ(ə)ns |noun [mass noun]the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills智力
the collection of information of military or political value情报
people employed in the collection of military or political information情报机构;情报人员
11convention| kənˈvɛnʃ(ə)n |nouna way in which something is usually done惯例
[mass noun] behaviour that is considered acceptable or polite to most members of a society习俗
an agreement between states covering particular matters, especially one less formal than a treaty公约
a large meeting or conference, especially of members of a political party or a particular profession or group大会
12script| skrɪpt |nounthe written text of a play, film, or broadcast剧本;广播稿
13make several appearance on TV出现在几次电视节目中
14loosely| ˈluːsli |adverbin a way that is not firmly or tightly fixed or held together松散的
in a way that does not fit tightly or closely
in a way that is not close, compact, or solid in structure or formation
in a way that is not rigidly organized
in a physically relaxed manner
in a way that is not strict or exact不精确的
15extensively| ɪkˈstɛnsɪvli, ɛkˈstɛnsɪvli |adverbin a way that covers or affects a large area到处;大量地;广泛地;全面地;大面积地
to a large or detailed degree
16statuette| statʃʊˈɛt, statjʊˈɛt |nouna small statue or figurine, especially one that is smaller than life-size小雕塑
17take a turn at doing轮流;依次
18mental calculation心酸
19imaginary| ɪˈmadʒɪn(ə)ri |adjectiveexisting only in the imagination虚构的;虚幻的;假想的
20invasion| ɪnˈveɪʒ(ə)n |nounan instance of invading a country or region with an armed force侵略
21lose one’s leg to …被…弄断腿
22trophy| ˈtrəʊfi |nouna cup or other decorative object awarded as a prize for a victory or success奖杯;奖牌
a souvenir of an achievement, especially a part of an animal taken when hunting战利品;狩猎纪念品
23dyslexic (also dyslectic | dɪsˈlɛktɪk |)| dɪsˈlɛksɪk |adjectiverelating to or affected by dyslexia诵读困难的
Welcome Section B
24fall out(of the hair, teeth, etc.) become detached and drop out掉落
have an argument争吵
25be stuck at home留在家
26enrol (US enroll)| ɪnˈrəʊl, ɛnˈrəʊl |verb[no object] officially register as a member of an institution or a student on a course参加
27motivate| ˈməʊtɪveɪt |verb [with object]provide (someone) with a reason for doing something促动
cause (someone) to have interest in or enthusiasm for something调动…的积极性
28take one’s advice听从某人的建议
29talk overdiscuss something thoroughly讨论
30work outplan or devise something in detail制订
find the answer to something解决
solve a sum or determine an amount by calculation(被)算出
have a good or specified result有进展
engage in vigorous physical exercise or training锻炼
literary accomplish something with difficulty解决
31stand bysupport or remain loyal to someone, typically in a time of need支持
32nasty| ˈnɑːsti |adjectivevery bad or unpleasant令人难受的
33stick up forsupport or defend a person or cause支持;捍卫
Welcome Section C
34presenter| prɪˈzɛntə |nounBritish a person who introduces and appears in a television or radio programme节目主持人
35be on the increase在增加
36deprived| dɪˈprʌɪvd |adjectivesuffering a severe and damaging lack of basic material and cultural benefits贫困的
37inner citynoun [usually as modifier]the area near the centre of a city, especially when associated with social and economic problems市中心区
38turn tostart doing or becoming involved with something开始
consult someone or something for help, advice, or information求助于
39figure| ˈfɪɡə |nouna person of a particular kind, especially one who is important or distinctive in some way人物
40identify| ʌɪˈdɛntɪfʌɪ |verb [with object]establish or indicate who or what (someone or something) is辨认
41assign| əˈsʌɪn |verb [with object]allocate (a job or duty)分配
42mentor| ˈmɛntɔː |nounan experienced and trusted adviser导师
43meet up (with)come into the presence or company of someone, especially by arrangement见面
44go on days out出去过几天
45role modela person looked to by others as an example to be imitated行为榜样
46peer pressureinfluence from members of one's peer group同侪压力
47option| ˈɒpʃ(ə)n |nouna thing that is or may be chosen选择
[in singular] the freedom or right to choose something选择权
a right to buy or sell a particular thing at a specified price within a set time买卖权
48scheme| skiːm |nounmainly British a large-scale systematic plan or arrangement for attaining a particular object or putting a particular idea into effect计划
49come to an end完结;结束
50offence| əˈfɛns |nouna breach of a law or rule; an illegal act犯罪
[mass noun] annoyance or resentment brought about by a perceived insult to or disregard for oneself冒犯
Welcome Section D
51serial| ˈsɪərɪəl |adjective [attributive]consisting of, forming part of, or taking place in a series一连串的
a story or play appearing in regular instalments on television or radio or in a magazine连续剧;连载小说
52mess withinformal meddle or interfere with someone or something瞎弄;摆弄
53spark| spɑːk |verb[no object] emit sparks of fire or electricity飞火星;冒火花
54come on(of a state or condition) start to arrive or happen开始运转
55stay out呆在外面
继续罢工;不插手
56vegetarian| vɛdʒɪˈtɛːrɪən |nouna person who does not eat meat or fish, and sometimes other animal products, especially for moral, religious, or health reasons素食者
57celebrity| sɪˈlɛbrɪti |nouna famous person, especially in entertainment or sport名人
[mass noun] the state of being well known名声
58corporation| kɔːpəˈreɪʃ(ə)n |nouna large company or group of companies authorized to act as a single entity and recognized as such in law大公司
59bear| bɛː |verb (past bore | bɔː | ; past participle borne | bɔːn | ) [with object ]carry the weight of; support承载
endure (an ordeal or difficulty)忍受
formal or literary (of a person) carry (someone or something)携带
60grudge| ɡrʌdʒ |nouna persistent feeling of ill will or resentment resulting from a past insult or injury积怨
61bear grudge怨恨

Unit 1

No.Words / PhrasesPhonetic SymbolPart of SpeechEnglish DefinitionChinese Translation
1referee| rɛfəˈriː |nounan official who watches a game or match closely to ensure that the rules are adhered to and (in some sports) to arbitrate on matters arising from the play裁判
British a person willing to testify in writing about the character or ability of someone, especially an applicant for a job推荐人
verb [with object]act as the referee of(为……) 担任裁判
2checkmate| ˈtʃɛkmeɪt |noun [mass noun]Chess a position in which a player's king is directly attacked by an opponent's piece or pawn and has no possible move to escape the check. The attacking player thus wins the game将死
verb [with object]Chess put into checkmate
3champion| ˈtʃampɪən |nouna person who has surpassed all rivals in a sporting contest or other competition冠军
4in search of搜寻;寻找
5glory| ˈɡlɔːri |noun [mass noun]high renown or honour won by notable achievements光荣
6muscular| ˈmʌskjʊlə |adjectiverelating to or affecting the muscles肌肉的
having well-developed muscles肌肉发达的
vigorously robust强有力的
7opponent| əˈpəʊnənt |nounsomeone who competes with or opposes another in a contest, game, or argument对手;反对者
8championship| ˈtʃampɪənʃɪp |nouna contest for the position of champion in a sport or game锦标赛
9punch| pʌn(t)ʃ |verb [with object]strike with the fist拳打
10alternate| ˈɔːltəneɪt, ˈɒltəneɪt |verb [no object]occur in turn repeatedly轮流;交替
11equal| ˈiːkw(ə)l |verb [with object]be the same as in number or amount等于
match or rival in performance or extent比得上
12torture| ˈtɔːtʃə |noun [mass noun]the action or practice of inflicting severe pain or suffering on someone as a punishment or in order to force them to do or say something酷刑
great physical or mental suffering or anxiety折磨
13necessarily| ˈnɛsəs(ə)rɪli, ˌnɛsəˈsɛrɪli |adverbas a necessary result; inevitably必定
14self-defence| sɛlfdɪˈfɛns |noun [mass noun]the defence of one's person or interests, especially through the use of physical force, which is permitted in certain cases as an answer to a charge of violent crime自卫
15move inintervene, especially so as to attack or take control冲进来
16erupt| ɪˈrʌpt |verb[no object] (of a volcano) become active and eject lava, ash, and gases喷发
break out suddenly and dramatically爆发;突然发出
17grand master(usually grandmaster) a chess player of the highest class, especially one who has won an international tournament国际象棋大师
18refer to提及;称呼;适用于
19underline| ʌndəˈlʌɪn |verb [with object]draw a line under (a word or phrase) to give emphasis or indicate special type在…下面画线
20controversial| kɒntrəˈvəːʃ(ə)l |adjectivegiving rise or likely to give rise to controversy or public disagreement有争议的
21snooker| ˈsnuːkə |noun [mass noun]a game played with cues on a billiard table in which the players use a cue ball (white) to pocket the other balls (fifteen red and six coloured) in a set order斯诺克
22pool| puːl |noun[mass noun] a game played on a small billiard table using two sets of seven coloured and numbered balls together with one black ball and a white cue ball, with the aim of pocketing all one's own balls and then the black落袋台球戏
23circuit| ˈsəːkɪt |nounan established itinerary of events or venues used for a particular activity, typically involving sport or public performance巡回活动;巡回表演;巡回比赛
24inline skate单排轮滑
25aggressively| əˈɡrɛsɪvli |adverbin a manner resulting from or betraying aggression挑衅地;激烈地
26scene| siːn |noun(usually the scene) informal a social environment frequented predominantly by gay people圈子
27undefeated| ʌndɪˈfiːtɪd |adjectivenot defeated, especially in a battle or other contest未被击败的
28undisputed| ʌndɪˈspjuːtɪd |adjectivenot disputed or called in question; accepted无可争辩的
29capable| ˈkeɪpəb(ə)l |adjective(capable of doing something) having the ability, fitness, or quality necessary to do or achieve a specified thing有能力做某事
30attribute| əˈtrɪbjuːt |verb [with object](attribute something to)
regard something as being caused by
把某事物归因于某人/某事物
31rough| rʌf |adjectivehaving an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level粗糙的
(of weather or the sea) wild and stormy(天气) 恶劣的
32pitch| pɪtʃ |noun[mass noun] the quality of a sound governed by the rate of vibrations producing it; the degree of highness or lowness of a tone音高
British an area of ground marked out or used for play in an outdoor team game场地
33go down to离开中心区域
34rink| rɪŋk |noun(also ice rink) an enclosed area of ice for skating, ice hockey, or curling溜冰场;旱冰场
35puck| pʌk |nouna black disc made of hard rubber, used in ice hockey冰球
36helmet| ˈhɛlmɪt |nouna hard or padded protective hat, various types of which are worn by soldiers, police officers, motorcyclists, sports players, and others头盔
37racket
(also racquet)
| ˈrakɪt |nouna bat with a round or oval frame strung with catgut, nylon, etc., used especially in tennis, badminton, and squash球拍
38spectator| spɛkˈteɪtə |nouna person who watches at a show, game, or other event观众
39boo| buː |exclamationsaid suddenly to surprise someone who is unaware of one's presence嗨;嘘
40goggle| ˈɡɒɡ(ə)l |noun(goggles) close-fitting glasses with side shields, for protecting the eyes from glare, dust, water, etc.护目镜
41send off(send someone off, send off someone)instruct someone to go把…打发走
(of a referee, especially in soccer or rugby) order a player to leave the field and take no further part in the game把…罚下场
(send something off, send off something)dispatch something by post发送出去
42draw| drɔː |verb [with object]British finish (a contest or game) with an even score平局
nounBritish a game or contest that ends with the score even
43occasionally| əˈkeɪʒ(ə)n(ə)li, əˈkeɪʒ(ə)nəli, əˈkeɪʒən(ə)li |adverbat infrequent or irregular intervals; now and then偶尔
44recognition| rɛkəɡˈnɪʃ(ə)n |noun [mass noun]appreciation or acclaim for an achievement, service, or ability赞誉
45whereas| wɛːrˈaz |conjunctionin contrast or comparison with the fact that然而
46practise| ˈpraktɪs |verb [with object]carry out or perform (a particular activity, method, or custom) habitually or regularly实施
47dune| djuːn |nouna mound or ridge of sand or other loose sediment formed by the wind, especially on the sea coast or in a desert沙丘
48weave| wiːv |verb [with object]form (fabric or a fabric item) by interlacing long threads passing in one direction with others at a right angle to them织;编
verb [no object]twist and turn from side to side while moving somewhere in order to avoid obstructions迂回前行
49iron| ˈʌɪən |verb [with object]smooth (clothes, sheets, etc.) with an iron熨烫
50thrill| θrɪl |nouna sudden feeling of excitement and pleasure震颤感;兴奋
51canoe| kəˈnuː |nouna light, narrow boat with pointed ends and no keel, propelled with a paddle or paddles独木舟
52parachute| ˈparəʃuːt |nouna cloth canopy which fills with air and allows a person or heavy object attached to it to descend slowly when dropped from an aircraft, or which is released from the rear of an aircraft on landing to act as a brake降落伞
verbdrop from an aircraft by parachute跳伞
53Finnish| ˈfɪnɪʃ |adjectiverelating to the Finns or their language芬兰的;芬兰人的;芬兰语的
54court| kɔːt |verb[with object] dated be involved with (someone) romantically, with the intention of marrying向……求爱;向……求偶
55obstacle| ˈɒbstək(ə)l |nouna thing that blocks one's way or prevents or hinders progress障碍
56obstacle| ˈɒbstək(ə)l |nouna thing that blocks one's way or prevents or hinders progress障碍
57Estonian| ɪˈstəʊnɪən, ɛˈstəʊnɪən |adjectiverelating to Estonia or its people or their language爱沙尼亚的;爱沙尼亚人的;爱沙尼亚语的
58technique| tɛkˈniːk |nouna way of carrying out a particular task, especially the execution or performance of an artistic work or a scientific procedure方法;技术
[mass noun] skill or ability in a particular field技巧
59identify with与…联系起来
60root for(root for someone) informal support or hope for the success of a person or group entering a contest or undertaking a challenge为…加油
61outlet| ˈaʊtlɛt |nouna pipe or hole through which water or gas may escape出口
62amateur| ˈamətə, ˈamətʃə, ˈamətʃʊə, ˌaməˈtəː |nouna person who engages in a pursuit, especially a sport, on an unpaid rather than a professional basis业余爱好者
63consequence| ˈkɒnsɪkw(ə)ns |nouna result or effect, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant结果
64agree on/about something(对…) 取得一致意见
65in favourmeeting with approval支持;赞同
66cheer upbecome less miserable(使) 振作起来
67investigation| ɪnˌvɛstɪˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n |noun [mass noun]the action of investigating something or someone; formal or systematic examination or research侦查

Unit 2

No.Words / PhrasesPhonetic SymbolPart of SpeechEnglish DefinitionChinese Translation
1a people personnoun informala person who enjoys or is particularly good at interacting with others喜欢社交的人
2staffroom| ˈstɑːfruːm, ˈstɑːfrʊm |noun mainly Britisha common room for teachers in a school or college教师休息室
3break time课间休息
4relieved| rɪˈliːvd |adjectiveno longer feeling distressed or anxious; reassured感到宽慰的
5keen| kiːn |adjectivemainly British having or showing eagerness or enthusiasm渴望的
verb [no object]wail in grief for a dead person恸哭
6a bike ride骑自行车出行
7There is no way that…不行;没门儿
8keep close to紧挨
9insist| ɪnˈsɪst |verb [no object]demand something forcefully, not accepting refusal坚持要求;坚持主张
10awkward| ˈɔːkwəd |adjectivecausing difficulty; hard to do or deal with使用不便的;难对付的;不方便的
causing or feeling uneasy embarrassment or inconvenience令人尴尬的
not smooth or graceful; ungainly笨拙的
11imaginative| ɪˈmadʒɪnətɪv |adjectivehaving or showing creativity or inventiveness富于想象力的
12sympathetic| sɪmpəˈθɛtɪk |adjectivefeeling, showing, or expressing sympathy有同情心的
showing approval of or favour towards an idea or action赞同的
13witty| ˈwɪti |adjectiveshowing or characterized by quick and inventive verbal humour风趣的;妙趣横生的
14intellectual| ˌɪntəˈlɛktʃʊəl |adjectiverelating to the intellect智力的
possessing a highly developed intellect智力发达的
15pushy| ˈpʊʃi |adjectiveexcessively or unpleasantly self-assertive or ambitious执意强求的
16shallow| ˈʃaləʊ |adjectiveof little depth浅的
not exhibiting, requiring, or capable of serious thought浅薄的;肤浅的
17pretentious| prɪˈtɛnʃəs |adjectiveattempting to impress by affecting greater importance or merit than is actually possessed做作的;自命不凡的;炫耀的;矫饰的
18smug| smʌɡ |adjectivehaving or showing an excessive pride in oneself or one's achievements沾沾自喜的
19bubbly| ˈbʌbli |adjectivecontaining bubbles充满泡沫的
(of a person) full of cheerful high spirits活泼的
20cheeky| ˈtʃiːki |adjectiveshowing a lack of respect or politeness in a way that is amusing or appealing放肆的
21hypocritical| ˌhɪpəˈkrɪtɪkl |adjectivebehaving in a way that suggests one has higher standards or more noble beliefs than is the case伪善的
22scatty| ˈskati |adjective British informalabsent-minded and disorganized思想不集中的
23scruffy| ˈskrʌfi |adjectiveshabby and untidy or dirty不整洁的;破旧的
(of a man's face) having short, bristly hairs as a result of not having been shaved for a while邋遢的
24excitable| ɪkˈsʌɪtəb(ə)l, ɛkˈsʌɪtəb(ə)l |adjectiveresponding too readily to something new or stimulating; easily excited易激动的
25eccentric| ɪkˈsɛntrɪk, ɛkˈsɛntrɪk |adjective(of a person or their behaviour) unconventional and slightly strange古怪的
26upbeat| ˈʌpbiːt |adjective informalcheerful; optimistic快乐的;乐观的
noun Musican unaccented beat preceding an accented beat弱拍
27downbeat| ˈdaʊnbiːt |adjectivepessimistic or gloomy忧郁的;悲观的
relaxed and understated无热情的
noun Musican accented beat, usually the first of the bar强拍
28considerate| kənˈsɪd(ə)rətadjectivecareful not to inconvenience or harm others:体贴的;考虑周到的
29inconsiderate| ɪnkənˈsɪd(ə)rət |adjectivethoughtlessly causing hurt or inconvenience to others不为他人着想的;考虑不周的
30selfish| ˈsɛlfɪʃ |adjectiveof a person, action, or motive) lacking consideration for other people; concerned chiefly with one's own personal profit or pleasure自私的
31unselfish| ʌnˈsɛlfɪʃ |adjectivewilling to put the needs or wishes of others before one's own无私的
32approachable| əˈprəʊtʃəb(ə)l |adjectivefriendly and easy to talk to和蔼可亲的
(of a place) able to be reached from a particular direction or by a particular means可通达的
33unapproachable| ʌnəˈprəʊtʃəb(ə)l |adjectivenot welcoming or friendly难接近的
archaic (of a place) remote and inaccessible
34quality| ˈkwɒlɪti |nouna distinctive attribute or characteristic possessed by someone or something人品;素质;品德
35come across as(of a person) appear or sound in a specified way; give a specified impression留下印象
36practical jokesnouna trick played on someone in order to make them look foolish and to amuse others恶作剧
37(go) round and round一圈又一圈地
38go with someone| ɡəʊ |verbbe regularly in the company of someone经常在一起
39walnut| ˈwɔːlnʌt |nounthe large wrinkled edible seed of a deciduous tree, consisting of two halves contained within a hard shell which is enclosed in a green fruit核桃
(also walnut tree) the tall tree which produces walnuts, with compound leaves and valuable ornamental timber that is used chiefly in cabinetmaking and gun stocks核桃木
40Got you!明白!
41excuse someone| ɪkˈskjuːz, ɛkˈskjuːz |verb [with object]release (someone) from a duty or requirement离开
excuse oneselfsay politely that one is leaving
42almond| ˈɑːmənd |nounthe oval edible nutlike seed (kernel) of the almond tree, growing in a woody shell, widely used as food杏仁
also almond tree) the tree that produces almonds, related to the peach and plum. Native to western Asia, it is widely cultivated in warm climates扁桃树
43install| ɪnˈstɔːl |verb [with object]place or fix (equipment or machinery) in position ready for use安装
place (someone) in a new position of authority, especially with ceremony正式任命
establish (someone) in a new place or condition安置
44play tricks on捉弄;戏耍
45wireless| ˈwʌɪəlɪs |adjectiveusing radio, microwaves, etc. (as opposed to wires or cables) to transmit signals无线的
46palm| pɑːm |noun(also palm tree) an unbranched evergreen tree of tropical and warm regions, with a crown of very long feathered or fan-shaped leaves, and typically having old leaf scars forming a regular pattern on the trunk棕榈树
the inner surface of the hand between the wrist and fingers手掌
47unplug| ʌnˈplʌɡ |verb [with object]disconnect (an electrical device) by removing its plug from a socket拔去…的电源插头
48cursor| ˈkəːsə |nouna movable indicator on a computer screen identifying the point that will be affected by input from the user光标
49insurance number保险号码
50in the way (also in someone’s way)forming an obstacle or hindrance to movement or action妨碍;挡…的路
51just for once仅此一次
52let someone or something goallow someone or something to escape or go free松手;放开;让…离开
(also let go or let go of) relinquish one's grip on someone or something放弃
53sort out| sɔːt |verb [with object]arrange things systematically in groups or according to type整理;安排
resolve a problem or difficulty纠正;解决
54give and take| ˌɡɪv ən ˈteɪk |noun [mass noun]mutual concessions and compromises互相迁就
verb [no object]make concessions and compromises
55get on one’s nerves使心神不宁;烦扰
56be off to/withgo away; leave前往
57mind out| mʌɪnd |verb [no object]used to tell someone to move or be careful, or to warn someone of danger当心
58impossible| ɪmˈpɒsɪb(ə)l |adjectivevery difficult to deal with难对付的
59find fault withmake an adverse criticism or objection, sometimes unfairly挑错
60come round| kʌm |verbvisit someone's house拜访
(also come around) be converted to another person's opinion改变看法
(also come around) be converted to another person's opinion(再次)来临
61self-centred| ˌsɛlfˈsɛntəd |adjectivepreoccupied with oneself and one's affairs自我中心的
62step in| stɛp |verbbecome involved in a difficult situation, especially in order to help介入
63disorganized| dɪsˈɔːɡənʌɪzd |adjectivenot properly planned and controlled杂乱无章的;缺乏条理的
64cheerful| ˈtʃɪəfʊl, ˈtʃɪəf(ə)l |adjectivenoticeably happy and optimistic高兴的;令人愉快的
65wavy| ˈweɪvi |adjectivehaving a form or edge that smoothly curves in and out波浪形的
66plump| plʌmp |adjectivehaving a full rounded shape丰满的
67a physical description外形描述
68leave out| liːv |verbfail to include someone or something忽略;遗漏
69illustrate| ˈɪləstreɪt |verbexplain or make (something) clear by using examples, charts, pictures, etc.举例说明
70gorgeous| ˈɡɔːdʒəs |adjectivebeautiful; very attractive非常漂亮的
informal very pleasant or enjoyable令人愉快的
71catch one’s attention引起某人的注意
72exaggerate| ɪɡˈzadʒəreɪt, ɛɡˈzadʒəreɪt |verb [with object]represent (something) as being larger, better, or worse than it really is夸大
73loads of大量